How To Hang and Install Lighting | Hunter Fan

How To Hang and Install Lighting

Ceiling Fan Illustration

How to hang and install light fixtures

Adding a new light fixture is an easy home update and instantly freshens up your space. You may open the box to see the parts bags and wires, then wonder what you got yourself into as a self-proclaimed DIY-er. But we’re here to tell you that you can keep your DIY title. Installing and hanging a light fixture is something that even a beginner can handle.

Time needed:
1 - 2 hours

Skill Level:
DIY Friendly

Cost:
Ranges

The following lighting installation guide from Hunter should help you navigate the basic process of how to install a light fixture, including hanging the light at the proper height, ensuring proper light wiring, and more. As you follow our lighting installation guide, keep the following in mind:

Note
  • The included videos and instructions within this guide generally apply to the installation of most Hunter light fixtures. However, the directions for your specific model may differ slightly.
  • This guide should only be used as supplemental material to the model-specific lighting manual included with your purchase of a Hunter light fixture.
  • Always refer to your manual for the most accurate instructions for installing your light fixture.
  • If your manual has been misplaced, you can easily find and download the model-specific manual for your Hunter light fixture on our website.
  • Alternatively, you can hire a certified, professional electrician to install your light fixture.

01.

How high should you hang pendant lights?

Before getting started, know how high the light fixture should hang above the table or countertop. If you're a visual person, hang a balloon from a string and tape it to the ceiling where you’re planning to hang your light to help determine the measurements you need. Remember to account for the fixture size when finalizing how many downrods or how long of a chain your light needs.

Here are some general guidelines for how high your sconce, pendant light(s), or chandelier should hang:

01. Pendants and chandeliers need at least 30- to 36-inch minimum clearance from the bottom of the light shade to the top of the surface it's hanging above.

02. Hang wall sconces 60 to 65 inches from the floor and 24 to 30 inches from the countertop. Most homes come with junction boxes at these heights; if you need junction boxes installed, use these guidelines as you consult a professional electrician.

Ultimately, the height you hang a light fixture is a matter of personal style as well as your space’s layout (you don’t want your new kitchen island lighting to block people’s views when they’re sitting at the counter).

illustration showing distance of light fixtures

02.

How far apart should you hang pendant lights?

When hanging multiple pendant lights, you should leave a minimum of 24 inches between each fixture. Remember to account for the width of the pendant light fixtures when mapping it out over your space.

illustration showing distance between light fixtures

03.

How to uninstall and remove an existing light fixture

Installing a light fixture where one already exists is simple, but there are a few, important things to keep in mind:

01. Turn off power at the wall light switch and the circuit breaker. You can use a voltage meter to ensure there are no live wires.

02. For increased safety, place a piece of tape over the wall light switch and circuit breaker to make sure they're not accidentally switched back on while you're installing the light.

03. Disconnect the existing fixture's wires and screws that are mounting the light to the ceiling.

04. Remove the existing mounting bracket from the junction box. You’ll need to replace it with the one that comes with your new light fixture.

04.

How to hang and install pendant lights

With any pendant light, you’ll want to take the old light fixture down and everything that comes with it. Everything. It's important to use the new mounting bracket that comes with your new pendant light. You also need know how long your fixture should hang so you can use the appropriate number of downrods or chain links and trim the excess wires accordingly. Reference back to the graphics above for ideal pendant heights.

How to install a pendant light with a downrod

Remember to safely uninstall and remove existing light fixtures and mounting brackets first (see the related section at the top of this page). The below steps are a general guide for how to install your pendant light with downrods; always refer to your specific fixture’s manual for detailed instructions.

01. Assemble the fixture, starting by feeding the wires through the downrods and connect the downrods together as well as to the fixture.

Tip

Twist the wires together or use electrical tape to feed the wires through the rods.

02. Rest the canopy ring followed by the canopy on the downrods.

03. Thread the mounting bracket assembly on the downrod.

04. Secure the mounting bracket to ceiling.

05. Trim any excess wiring. Then, use the included wire nuts to twist and connect the wires from the junction box to the fixture wires:

  • Black to black (live wires)
  • White to white (grounded)
  • Grounding wire to grounding wire (these are usually green or copper)
  • Secure the wire connections inside the junction box.

06. Lift the canopy over the wires so it’s flush with the ceiling, then tighten the canopy ring.

07. Add the finishing touches, making sure you have all the necessary accessories like votive covers and glass shades.

08. Be sure to use bulbs that do not exceed the maximum wattage listed on the socket.

How to install a pendant light with a chain

Remember to safely uninstall and remove existing light fixtures and mounting brackets first (see the related section at the top of this page). The below steps are a general guide for how to install your chain pendant light; always refer to your specific fixture’s manual for detailed instructions.

01. Secure the canopy loop ring to the mounting bracket, then secure the mounting bracket to the junction box.

02. Open and remove the extra chain links using a pair of pliers.

03. Use one of the chain connectors to attach the chain to the top loop of the fixture.

04. About every three links, feed the fixture wires through and up the chain. Pull until the wires are taut.

Note

The chains support the weight of the light fixture. Make sure they’re securely connected to the fixture and mounting system. The wires should never bear the weight of the fixture.

05. Slide the canopy ring and canopy over the wires and chain.

06. Use another chain connector to attach the chain to the canopy loop ring on the ceiling.

07. Use the included wire nuts to twist and connect the wires from the junction box to the fixture wires:

  • Black to black (live wires)
  • White to white (grounded)
  • Grounding wire to grounding wire (these are usually green or copper)
  • Secure the wire connections inside the junction box.

08. Loop the fixture’s grounding wire around the grounding screw, then tighten the screw.

09. Lift the canopy over the wires so it’s flush with the ceiling, then tighten the ring.

10. Add the finishing touches, making sure you have all the necessary accessories like votive covers and glass shades. 

11. Be sure to use bulbs that do not exceed the maximum wattage listed on the socket.

05.

How to install a wall sconce

To get started installing a wall sconce, remove everything from the existing light fixture. We mean everything. It’s important to use the mounting plate that comes with your new wall sconce. Attach the new mounting plate to the junction box, and from there it’s simple. The below steps are a general guide for how to install your wall sconce; always refer to your specific fixture’s manual for detailed instructions.

01. Secure the mounting bracket to the junction box.

02. Use the included wire nuts to twist and connect the wires from the junction box to the fixture wires:

  • Black to black (live wires)
  • White to white (grounded)
  • Grounding wire to grounding wire (these are usually green or copper)
  • Secure the wire connections inside the junction box.

03. Loop the fixture’s grounding wire around the grounding screw, then tighten the screw.

04. Attach the fixture’s backplate to the mounting screws, using the decorative cap nuts to secure it. The backplate should fit snug to the wall.

05. Add the finishing touches, making sure you have all the necessary accessories like votive covers and glass shades.

06. Be sure to use bulbs that do not exceed the maximum wattage listed on the socket.

06.

How to install vanity lights

Vanity lighting can give you multiple lights above your counters while only using one junction box in the wall. Whether you have a two-light vanity light or one with four lights, you’ll need to remove everything from the previous light fixture and use the mounting plate that comes with your new fixture (see the related section at the top of this page). The below steps are a general guide for how to install your vanity light; always refer to your specific fixture’s manual for detailed instructions.

01. Pull the house wires through the center of the mounting plate and secure the plate to the junction box.

02. Have someone help hold the vanity light while you use the included wire nuts to twist and connect the wires:

  • Black to black (live wires)
  • White to white (grounded)
  • Grounding wire to grounding wire (these are usually green or copper)
  • Secure the wire connections inside the junction box.

03. Loop the fixture’s grounding wire around the grounding screw.

04. Slide the fixture’s backplate over and through the mounting screws. Secure with the decorative cap nuts.

05. Add the finishing touches, making sure you have all the necessary accessories like votive covers and glass shades.

06. Be sure to use bulbs that do not exceed the maximum wattage listed on the socket.

07.

How to install a chandelier

A big light fixture means more installation steps. But don’t let that intimidate you when installing a chandelier! It’s all still doable for DIY novices. Of course, if you ever do get uncomfortable installing a chandelier, consult a certified, professional electrician.

How to install a linear chandelier

Remember to safely uninstall and remove existing light fixtures and mounting brackets first (see the related section at the top of this page). The below steps are a general guide for how to install your chandelier; always refer to your specific fixture’s manual for detailed instructions.

01. Secure mounting plate to the junction box. You may need to drill pilot holes; check your specific fixture’s manual for detailed instructions.

02. Assemble the fixture, starting by feeding the wires through the downrods and connect the downrods together as well as to the fixture.

Tip

Twist the wires together or use electrical tape to feed the wires through the rods.

03. Rest the canopy rings then the canopy on the downrods.

04. Place the reinforcing plate into the canopy. Secure the plate and canopy to the downrods’ threaded posts using the included wingnuts.

05. Trim the fixture wires leaving 8 to 10 inches remaining from the top.

06. Have someone help hold the chandelier while you use the included wire nuts to twist and connect the wires:

  • Black to black (live wires)
  • White to white (grounded)
  • Grounding wire to grounding wire (these are usually green or copper)
  • Secure the wire connections inside the junction box.

07. Loop the fixture’s grounding wire around the grounding screw.

08. Raise the fixture so the canopy holes and the mounting screws in the mounting plate align. Use the decorative cap nuts to secure the canopy to the mounting plate.

09. Add the finishing touches, making sure you have all the necessary accessories like votive covers and glass shades.

10. Be sure to use bulbs that do not exceed the maximum wattage listed on the socket.

How to install a round chandelier

Remember to safely uninstall and remove existing light fixtures and mounting brackets first (see the related section at the top of this page). The below steps are a general guide for how to install your chandelier; always refer to your specific fixture’s manual for detailed instructions.

01. Feed the wires through the downrods and connect the downrods together as well as to the fixture.

Tip

Twist the wires together or use electrical tape to feed the wires through the rods.

02. Rest the canopy ring then the canopy on the downrods.

03. Thread the mounting bracket assembly on the downrods.

04. Attach the mounting bracket to the junction box on the ceiling.

05. Cut the excess wire, leaving 8 to 10 inches of wire coming out of the last downrod.

06. Use the included wire nuts to twist and connect the wires:

  • Black to black (live wires)
  • White to white (grounded)
  • Grounding wire to grounding wire (these are usually green or copper)
  • Secure the wire connections inside the junction box.

07. Loop the fixture’s grounding wire around the grounding screw and tighten.

08. Fit the canopy flush to the ceiling, then secure it with the canopy loop ring.

09. Add the finishing touches, making sure you have all the necessary accessories like votive covers and glass shades.

10. Be sure to use bulbs that do not exceed the maximum wattage listed on the socket.

Some round chandeliers include rods connecting the chandelier to a central hook on the fixture, then downrods connecting the entire fixture to the ceiling. You’ll need to feed the wires through one rod, the fixture hook, then through the downrods. It’s an extra step, but we have confidence in your skills. (If you don’t, you can always call on a certified, professional electrician.)

08.

How to install flush mount lighting

There are two types of flush mount light fixtures: semi-flush mount and flush. Installing flush mount lighting versus semi-flush mount lighting installation varies slightly but one thing remains the same: Remove all parts when uninstalling the existing light fixture. You need to use the mounting bracket that comes with the new light fixture.

How to install a semi-flush mount light photo
How to install a semi-flush mount light illustration

How to install a semi-flush mount light

Remember to safely uninstall and remove existing light fixtures first (see the related section at the top of this page). The below steps are a general guide for how to install your semi-flush mount light; always refer to your specific fixture’s manual for detailed instructions.

01. Assemble the fixture.

02. Insert mounting screws into the mounting bracket based on where they’ll align with the canopy.

03. Thread the fixture onto the mounting bracket assembly.

04. Install the mounting bracket to the junction box and pull the house wires through.

05. Use the included wire nuts to twist and connect the wires:

  • Black to black (live wires)
  • White to white (grounded)
  • Grounding wire to grounding wire (these are usually green or copper)
  • Secure the wire connections inside the junction box.

06. Loop the fixture’s grounding wire around the grounding screw and tighten.

07. Align the canopy holes with the mounting screws and secure with decorative cap nuts.

08. Add the finishing touches, making sure you have all the necessary accessories like votive covers and glass shades.

09. Be sure to use bulbs that do not exceed the maximum wattage listed on the socket.

How to install a flush mount light

Remember to safely uninstall and remove existing light fixtures first (see the related section at the top of this page). The below steps are a general guide for how to install your flush mount light; always refer to your specific fixture’s manual for detailed instructions.

01. Insert mounting screws into the mounting bracket based on where they’ll align with the canopy.

02. Install the mounting bracket to the junction box and pull the house wires through.

03. Use the included wire nuts to twist and connect the wires:

  • Black to black (live wires)
  • White to white (grounded)
  • Grounding wire to grounding wire (these are usually green or copper)
  • Secure the wire connections inside the junction box.

04. Loop the fixture’s grounding wire around the grounding screw and tighten.

05. Align the canopy holes with the mounting screws and secure with decorative cap nuts.

06. Add the finishing touches, making sure you have all the necessary accessories like votive covers and glass shades.

07. Be sure to use bulbs that do not exceed the maximum wattage listed on the socket.

09.

How to install cluster pendant lights

Multiple pendants for one installation! That’s one appeal of cluster lighting: the individual pendants are connected to one fixture wiring system, so you only need one junction box. Cluster pendant lighting also gives you the control and creativity to adjust length of each pendant to fit your needs and style. Whether you install linear or round cluster pendant lights, make sure you remove everything from the existing light fixture and use the mounting plate that comes with your new light.

How to install round cluster lights

Remember to safely uninstall and remove existing light fixtures first (see the related section at the top of this page). The below steps are a general guide for how to install your round cluster pendant light; always refer to your specific fixture’s manual for detailed instructions.

01. Guide the house wires through the center of the mounting plate, then secure the plate to the junction box.

02. Slide a cord from each pendant through a grip in the canopy, adjusting each cord to your desired length. Use the included mini screwdriver to secure the cords by tightening the set screw.

03. Tie a knot in each cord above the canopy (this helps with strain relief).

04. Cut the excess cord but leave enough length from each to connect them to the center cord.

05. Remove the outer jacket of each cord to expose the individual white, black, and green wires. Strip half an inch from each wire.

06. Have someone hold the fixture while you wire the light. Use the included wire nuts to twist and connect the wires from all three cords to the house wires:

  • Black to black (live wires)
  • White to white (grounded)
  • Grounding wire to grounding wire (these are usually green or copper)
  • Secure the wire connections inside the junction box.

07. Loop the fixture’s grounding wire around the grounding screw and tighten.

08. Secure the canopy to the mounting plate with the decorative nuts.

09. Add the finishing touches, making sure you have all the necessary accessories like votive covers and glass shades.

10. Be sure to use bulbs that do not exceed the maximum wattage listed on the socket.

How to install linear cluster lights illustration

How to install linear cluster lights

Remember to safely uninstall and remove existing light fixtures first (see the related section at the top of this page). The below steps are a general guide for how to install your linear cluster pendant light; always refer to your specific fixture’s manual for detailed instructions.

01. Prep the mounting bracket. You may need to drill pilot holes; check your specific fixture’s manual for detailed instructions.

02. Guide the house wires through the center of the mounting plate, then secure the plate to the junction box.

03. Slide a cord from each pendant through a grip in the canopy. Use the included mini screwdriver to secure the cords by tightening the set screw.

04. Tie a knot in each cord above the canopy (this helps with strain relief).

05. Cut the excess cord, but leave enough length from each to connect them to the center cord.

06. Remove the outer jacket of each cord to expose the individual white, black, and green wires. Strip half an inch from each wire.

07. Have someone hold the fixture while you wire the light. Use the included wire nuts to twist and connect the wires from all three cords to the power supply from the junction box:

  • Black to black (live wires)
  • White to white (grounded)
  • Grounding wire to grounding wire (these are usually green or copper)
  • Secure the wire connections inside the junction box.

08. Loop the fixture’s grounding wire around the grounding screw and tighten.

09. Secure the canopy to the mounting plate with the decorative nuts.

10. Add the finishing touches, making sure you have all the necessary accessories like votive covers and glass shades.

11. Be sure to use bulbs that do not exceed the maximum wattage listed on the socket.

The same basic steps go into installing most light fixtures, but the details vary from model to model. Be sure to look up your specific fixture’s manual for detailed instructions. If at any point you are uncomfortable installing and wiring lighting, we want you to call a certified, professional electrician.

Now that you have a general idea of what you’re getting into with installing a light fixture, you can get creative with which light fixtures you choose! Hang cluster pendant lighting or a chandelier above your kitchenette. Use a pendant light or flush mount lighting above your sink. We’re here to help inspire your next home refresh project.

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